Repenting Is Mandatory!


What is repentance?     Basically Speaking in Biblical terms; 

Asking God Our Father Which Are In Heaven To Forgive Us For ALL The Wrong Things We Have Done!

References to “repentance” in the Holy Bible

Matt. 4:17 – “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand”

Mk. 1:15 – “Repent, and believe the gospel”

Lk. 24:47 – “repentance for forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name”

Acts 2:38 – “Repent and be baptized for the remission of sins”

Acts 5:31 – “to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins”

Acts 11:18 – “granted to the Gentiles also the repentance unto life”

Acts 17:30 – “God is declaring to men that all everywhere should repent”

Acts 20:21 – “repentance toward God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ

Acts 26:20 – “repent and turn to God, performing deeds appropriate to repentance”

II Cor. 7:10 – “sorrowful to point of repentance…sorrow according to God produces

repentance without regret, leading to salvation”

II Cor. 12:21 – “have not repented of impurity, immorality and sensuality”

II Tim. 2:25 – “God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the


Heb. 6:1 – “repentance from dead works and faith toward God”

II Pet. 3:9 – “Lord…not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance”

Rev. 2:5,16,21,22; 3:3,19 – “repent”

Definition of  what”repentance” is

A. Greek words

1. metanoia, metanoeo

a. from meta=with; nous=mind

b. meaning – “change of mind”

2. metamelomai

a. from meta=with; melei=to care

b. meaning – “remorse, regret” (cf. Matt. 27:3; II Cor. 7:8)

B. English word “repentance”

1. Etymologically derived from Latin repaenitere

a. from re=again; to be sorry, penitent, to grieve

b. meaning – “to be sorry, grieving, penitent, remorseful

c. emphasis more on grief over sin, rather than change from

or abandon sin

2. Latin word is not an exact equivalent to the meaning of the Greek

word, thus creating imprecise English word

3. Idea of penitence later led to concept of penance in Roman Catholic


a. acts of confession, restitution, mortification, self-abasement

b. to prove remorse, sorrow, regret

c. in order to receive forgiveness and absolution of guilt

C. Repentance is best defined as “a change of mind that leads to a change of

action” – cf. Acts 26:20; Matt. 3:8

1. Misunderstandings

a. “change of mind”

(1) cognitive change of opinion; “second-thoughts”

(2) emotional abhorrence, contrition, sorrow, regret,


(3) self-reproach; must “die to self”

b. “change of action”

(1) self-generated activation of character and activity

(2) resolution to amendment of activities; to do better

(3) behavior change; reformation

2. Clarification of the “changes” in “repentance”

a. “change of mind”

(1) about sin – “I have contravened His character”

(2) about oneself -“I am unworthy before God” -Lk. 18:13

(3) about our attitudes and mind-set – “My thoughts are

inconsistent with His thoughts” (cf. Isa. 55:8,9)

(4) about our course of action – “I am unable to generate

and enact the character of God;” “I can’t….”

(5) about Christ – “He can express His worthy character

through my attitudes and behavior;” “He can…”

b. “change of action”

(1) “Henceforth I want Christ to express His character

in my behavior;” “I will let Him…”

(2) Desire and determination to allow for the receptivity

of His activity in our lives – Faith

(a) repentance and faith are indivisibly and

integrally connected. (cf. Mk. 1:15; Acts

20:21; 26:18,20; Heb. 6:1)

(b) repentance and faith are so interdependent

upon the other that the use of one implies the

other. There is no faith without repentance,

and there is no repentance without faith.

(c) repentance and faith are two sides of one coin

c. internal, psychological dynamics of such “changes”

(1) Mind – change of attitude, opinion, belief

(2) Emotions – godly sorrow, remorse, regret

(3) Will – decision, determination or disposition that

invokes God’s deity; not mere human resolve or


(4) The combination of the above constitute


d. completeness of such “change”

(1) repentance is decisive and determinative

(2) repentance is a radical, total break, a complete turn

(3) disallows for repetitiveness

(a) not constant reoccurring change of mind;

second-thoughts; fickleness; “sorry about

that;” ask forgiveness and gloss over

(b) regenerative repentance cannot recur

(Heb. 6:6)

3. Can God repent?

a. Many O.T. references to “repentance” refer to God (KJV)

Exod. 32:14 – “the Lord repented of the evil He thought to do”

Jere. 26:13,19 – “the Lord repented of the evil He


Jonah 3:10 – “God repented of the evil that He would do”

b. Can God have a change of mind that leads to a change of


(1) God is immutable – His character never changes.

(2) God is not fickle – changing His mind and reneging

Numb. 23:19 – “God is not a son of man, that He

should repent”

I Sam 15:29 – “He is not a man that He should


(3) God can, has, and does change His mind about His

course of action, without impinging upon His


III. How  to “repent”

A. Regenerative repentance – initial repentance

1. Is repentance a necessary or essential condition for regeneration or


a. believing gospel – Mk. 1:15

b. forgiveness of sins – Lk. 24:47; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 5:31

c. spiritual life – Acts 11:18

d. knowledge of the truth – II Tim. 2:25

2. Repentance is not a human “work” or achievement that creates any

causal contingencies upon God, or has any meritorious benefit

before God.

a. To avoid any possible acceptance of misdefined repentance,

some have over-reacted by denying that repentance is in any

way a condition of regeneration.

b. This led to the “Lordship salvation” controversy in

evangelical theological circles.

(1) argument over insertions in ordo salutis

(2) both sides misunderstand dynamic of gospel

(a) repentance viewed as either just a “change of

mind” or as a psychological reaction leading

to behavior change.

(b) faith viewed as either just cognitive mental

assent and belief of facts, or as commitment

and dedication leading to pietistic behavior


3. Repentance/faith is a condition of Christian conversion

and regeneration.

a. A convert changes his mind and rejects the world’s ways, in

order to receive the way of Christ.

b. In some Christian groups a new convert and  is identified as a


c. Is it possible that some who call themselves “Christians”

have assented to Christ (signed on), but have never repented?

B. Sanctifying repentance – continual process of repentance in Christian life

1. Repentance within the Christian life

II Cor. 7:9,10 – “repentance without regret, leading to salvation”

II Cor. 12:21 – “repented of impurity, immorality and sensuality”

II Pet. 3:9 – “God wishes all to come to repentance”

Rev. 2:5,16,21,22; 3:3,19 – “repent”

2. Continued necessity for decisive repentance

a. In the “renewing of the mind” process we allow for the

grace-prompting of God unto repentance (cf. Rom. 12:2)

(1) change of mind and action concerning our pride,

prejudices, self-protection, false identities, etc.

(2) transformation of mind-set and behavior

b. Thereby the Spirit overcomes the flesh (cf. Gal. 5:16-24)

C. Collective ecclesiastical repentance? – cf. II Chron. 7:14

This work was collected from Biblical Scriptures  and Internet Helps


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